Patricia K. Kuhl, Ph.D.

Professor and Co-Director


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Most Recent Publications

Endevelt-Shapira, Y., Bosseler, A. N., Zhao, T. C., Mizrahi, J. C., Meltzoff, A. N., & Kuhl, P. K. (2024). Heart-to-heart: Infants’ heart rate during mother–infant interaction and later language outcomes [Manuscript submitted for publication, Frontiers of Human Neuroscience].

Corrigan, M. N., Rokem, A., & Kuhl, P. K. (2024). COVID-19 lockdown effects on adolescent brain structure suggest accelerated maturation that is more pronounced in females than in males [Manuscript submitted for publication, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences].

Bosseler, A. N., Meltzoff, A. N., Bierer, S., Huber, E., Mizrahi, J. C., Larson, E., Endevelt-Shapira, Y., Taulu, S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2024). Infants’ brain responses to social interaction predict future language growth [Final revision submitted, Current Biology].

Endevelt-Shapira, Y., Bosseler, A. N., Mizrahi, J. C., Meltzoff, A. N., & Kuhl, P. K. (in press, 2024). Mother–infant social and language interactions at 3 months are associated with infants’ productive language development in the third year of life. Infant Behavior and Development.

Lin, J.-F. L., Imada, T., Meltzoff, A. N., Hiraishi, H., Ikeda, T., Takahashi, T., Hasegawa, C., Yoshimura, Y., Kikuchi, M., Hirata, M., Minabe, Y., Asada, M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023). Dual-MEG interbrain synchronization during turn-taking verbal interactions between mothers and children. Cerebral Cortex, 33(7), 4116–4134. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhac330

Huber, E., Ferjan Ramírez, N., Corrigan, N. M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023) Parent coaching from 6 to 18 months improves child language outcomes through 30 months of age. Developmental Science, Article e13391. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.13391

Huber, E., Corrigan, N. M., Yarnykh, V. L., Ferjan Ramírez, N., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023) Language experience during infancy predicts white matter myelination at age 2 years. Journal of Neuroscience, 43(9), 1590–1599. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.1043-22.2023

Ferjan Ramírez, N., Weiss, Y., Sheth, K. K., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023). Parentese in infancy predicts 5-year language complexity and conversational turns. Journal of Child Language, 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0305000923000077

Ferjan Ramírez, N., Hippe, D. S., Braverman, A., Weiss, Y., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023) A comparison of automatic and manual measures of turn-taking in monolingual and bilingual contexts. Behavior Research Methods. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-023-02127-z

Lin, J.-F. L., Imada, T., Meltzoff, A. N., Hiraishi, H., Ikeda, T., Takahashi, T., Hasegawa, C., Yoshimura, Y., Kikuchi, M., Hirata, M., Minabe, Y., Asada, M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023). Dual-MEG interbrain synchronization during turn-taking verbal interactions between mothers and children. Cerebral Cortex, 33(7), 4116–4134. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhac330

Huber, E., Ramírez, N. F., Corrigan, N. M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023) Parent coaching from 6 to 18 months improves child language outcomes through 30 months of age. Developmental Science, Article e13391. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.13391 

Huber, E., Corrigan, N. M., Yarnykh, V. L., Ramírez, N. F., & Kuhl, P. K. (2023) Language experience during infancy predicts white matter myelination at age 2 years. Journal of Neuroscience, 43(9), 1590–1599. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.1043-22.2023 

Zhao, T. C., Llanos, F., Chandrasekaran, B., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Language experience during the sensitive period narrows infant’s sensory encoding of lexical tones—Music intervention reverses it. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16, Article 941853. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2022.941853 

Zhao, T. C., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Development of infants’ neural speech processing and its relation to later language skills: A MEG study. NeuroImage, 256, Article 119242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119242 

Zhao, T. C., Corrigan, N. M., Yarnykh, V. L., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Development of executive function-relevant skills is related to both neural structure and function in infants. Developmental Science, 25(6), Article e13323. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.13323

Yeatman, J. D., Caffarra, S., Clarke, M. D., Ender, S., Gijbels, L., Joo, S. J., Kubota, E. C., Kuhl, P. K., Larson, E., McCloy, D. R., O’Brien, G., Peterson, E. R., Takada, M. E., & Taulu, S. (2022). Reading instruction causes changes in category-selective visual cortex. Prepublication: BioRXiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.02.02.477919 

Weiss, Y., Yeatman, J. D., Ender, S., Gijbels, L., Loop, H., Mizrahi, J. C., Woo, B. Y., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Can an online reading camp teach 5-year-old children to read? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16, Article 793213. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2022.793213 

Weiss, Y., Huber, E., Ramírez, N. F., Corrigan, N. M., Yarnykh, V. L., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Language input in late infancy scaffolds emergent literacy skills and predicts reading related white matter development. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16, Article 922552. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2022.922552 

Mittag, M., Larson, E., Taulu, S., Clarke, M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Reduced theta sampling in infants at risk for dyslexia across the sensitive period of native phoneme learning. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(3), Article 1180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031180 . Reprinted in: Prime Archives in Public Health. Vide Leaf, 2022.

Mamiya, P. C., Richards, T. L., Edden, R. A. E., Lee, A. K. C., Stein, M. A., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Reduced Glx and GABA inductions in the anterior cingulate cortex and caudate nucleus are related to impaired control of attention in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23(9), Article 4677. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23094677 

Llanos, F., Zhao, T. C., Kuhl, P. K., & Chandrasekaran, B. (2022). The emergence of idiosyncratic patterns in the frequency-following response during the first year of life. JASA Express Letters, 2(5), Article 054401. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0010493 

Corrigan, N. M., Yarnykh, V. L., Huber, E., Zhao, T. C., & Kuhl, P. K. (2022). Brain myelination at 7 months of age predicts later language development. NeuroImage, 263, Article 119641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119641 

Clarke, M. D., Bosseler, A. N., Mizrahi, J. C., Peterson, E. R., Larson, E., Meltzoff, A. N., Kuhl, P. K., & Taulu, S. (2022). Infant brain imaging using magnetoencephalography: Challenges, solutions, and best practices. Human Brain Mapping, 43(12), 3609–3619. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.25871 

Zhao, T. C., Boorom, O., Kuhl, P. K., & Gordon, R. (2021). Infants’ neural speech discrimination predicts individual differences in grammar ability at 6 years of age and their risk of developing speech-language disorders. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 48, Article 100949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2021.100949 

Mittag, M., Larson, E., Clarke, M., Taulu, S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2021). Auditory deficits in infants at risk for dyslexia during a linguistic sensitive period predict future language. NeuroImage, 30, 102578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102578

Kuhl, P. K. (2021, in press). Language. In E. R. Kandel, J. D. Koester, S. H. Mack, & S. A. Siegelbaum (Eds.), Principles of neural science (6th ed.). McGraw Hill.

Kuhl, P. K. (2021, in press). Infant speech perception: Integration of multimodal data leads to a new hypothesis—Sensorimotor mechanisms underlie learning. In Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology (Vol. 40, pp. 113–158). Wiley.

Ferjan Ramírez, N., Hippe, D. S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2021). Comparing automatic and manual measures of parent-infant conversational turns: A word of caution. Child Development.
https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13495

Corrigan, N. M., Varnykh, V. L., Hippe, D. S., Owen, J. P., Huber, E., Zhoa, T. C., & Kuhl, P. K. (2021). Myelin development in cerebral gray and white matter during adolescence and late childhood. NeuroImage, 277, 117678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117678

Bosseler, A. N., Clarke, M., Tavabi, K., Larson, E. D., Hippe, D. S., Taulu, S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2021). Using magnetoencephalography to examine word recognition, lateralization, and future language skills in 14-month-old infants. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 47, 100901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100901

Sundara, M., Wards, N., Conboy, B., & Kuhl, P. K. (2020, in press). Exposure to a second language in infancy alters speech production. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. Click here to receive a reprint

Mamiya, P. C., Richards, T., Corrigan, N. M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2020). Strength of ventral tegmental area connections with left caudate nucleus is related to conflict monitoring. Frontiers in Psychology. On-line access prior to publication, doi.org/10.33.89/fpsyg.2019.02869 Click here to receive a reprint

Ferjan Ramírez, N., Lytle, S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2020, in press). Parent coaching increases conversational turns and advances infant language development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Click here to receive a reprint

Ferjan Ramírez, N., & Kuhl, P. K. (2020). Early second language learning through SparkLing™: Scaling up a language intervention in infant education centers. Mind, Brain, and Education. On-line access prior to publication, doi.org/10.1111/mbe.12232 Click here to receive a reprint

Zhao, M., Masapollo, M., Polka, L., Menard, L. & Kuhl, P. K. (2019). Effects of formant proximity and stimulus prototypicality on the neural discrimination of vowels: Evidence from the auditory Frequency-Following Response. Brain and Language, 194, 77–83. Click here to receive a reprint

Lin, J.-F. L., Imada, T., & Kuhl, P. K. (2019). Neuroplasticity, bilingualism, and mental mathematics: A behavior-MEG study. Brain and Cognition, 134, 122–134. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Lim, S.-S., Guerriero, S. & Van Damme, D. (2019). Developing Minds in the Digital Age: Towards a Science of Learning for 21st Century Education. Paris, France: OECD Publishing. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., & Ferjan Ramírez, N. (2019). Neuroscience and education: How early brain development affects school. In P. K. Kuhl, S.-S. Lim, S. Guerriero & D. Van Damme (Eds.), Developing Minds in the Digital Age: Towards a Science of Learning for 21st Century Education. Paris, France: OECD Publishing. Click here to receive a reprint

Zhao, T. C., & Kuhl, P. K. (2018). Linguistic effect on speech perception observed at the brainstem. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 115, 8716–8721. Click here to receive a reprint

Mamiya, P. C., Richards, T. L., & Kuhl, P. K. (2018). Right forceps minor and anterior thalamic radiation predict executive function skills in young bilingual adults. Frontiers in Psychology-Language Sciences, 9, 1–10. Click here to receive a reprint

Lytle, S. R., & Kuhl, P. K. (2018). Social interaction and language acquisition: Toward a neurobiological view. In E. M. Fernández & H. S. Cairns (Eds.), Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics. The Handbook of Psycholinguistics (pp. 615–634). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Click here to receive a reprint

Lytle, S. R., García-Sierra, A., & Kuhl, P. K. (2018). Two are better than one: Infant language learning from video improves in the presence of peers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 9859–9866. Click here to receive a reprint

Lin, J.-F. L., Imada., Kuhl, P. K., & Lin, F.-H. (2018). Incongruent pitch cues are associated with increased activation and functional connectivity in the frontal areas. Scientific Reports, 8, 5206. DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-23287-5 Click here to receive a reprint

Ferjan Ramírez, N., Ramírez, R. R., Clarke, M., Taulu, S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2017). Speech discrimination in 11‐month‐old bilingual and monolingual infants: a magnetoencephalography study. Developmental Science20(1), e12427. Click here to receive a reprint

Books and Theoretical Papers

Kuhl, P. K. & Damasio, A. (2012). Language, in E. R. Kandel. J. H. Schwartz, T. M. Jessell, S. Siegelbaum, & J. Hudspeth (Eds.), Principles of neural science: 5th Edition (pp. 1353-1372). New York: McGraw Hill. Click here to receive a reprint

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Harris, K., Hellermann, J., Clemence, R., Kuhl, P. K., & Reder, S. (2012). Socio-interactive practices and personality in adult learners of English with little formal education. Language Learning, 62, 541-570. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Who’s Talking? Science, 333, 529-530. Click here to receive a reprint | Perspective on Perrachione

Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Early language learning and literacy: Neuroscience implications for education. Mind, Brain, and Education, 5, 128-142. Click here to receive a reprint

Sundara, M., Demuth, K. & Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Sentence-position effects on children’s perception and production of English 3rd person singular –s. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 54, 55-71. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P.K. (2010). Brain Mechanisms in Early Language Acquisition. Neuron, 67, 713-727. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2009). Early language acquisition: Neural substrates and theoretical models. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, 4th Edition (pp. 837-854). Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2009). Early language acquisition: Phonetic and word learning, neural substrates, and a theoretical model. In B. Moore, L. Tyler & W. Marslen-Wilson (Eds.), The Perception of Speech: From Sound to Meaning (pp 103-131). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Meltzoff, A. N., Kuhl, P. K., Movellan, J., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2009). Foundations for a New Science of Learning. Science, 325, 284-288. Click here to receive a reprint

Conboy, B.T., Sommerville, J., & Kuhl, P. K. (2008). Cognitive control factors in speech perception at 11 months. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1505-1512. Click here to receive a reprint

Doupe, A. J. & Kuhl, P. K. (2008). Birdsong and human speech: Common themes and mechanisms. In H. P. Zeigler, & P. Marler (Eds.), Neuroscience of Birdsong (pp. 5-31). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2008). Linking infant speech perception to language acquisition: Phonetic learning predicts language growth. In P. McCardle, J. Colombo & L. Freund (Eds.), Infant pathways to language: Methods, models, and research directions (pp. 213-244). New York: Erlbaum. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Conboy, B. T., Coffey-Corina, S., Padden, D., Rivera-Gaxiola, M. & Nelson, T. (2008). Phonetic learning as a pathway to language: new data and native language magnet theory expanded ( NLM-e). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 363, 979-1000. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. & Rivera-Gaxiola, M. (2008). Neural substrates of language acquisition. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 31, 511-534. Click here to receive a reprint

Raizada, R. D., Richards, T. L., Meltzoff, A. M. & Kuhl, P. K. (2008). Socioeconomic status predicts hemispheric specialization of the left inferior frontal gyrus in young children. NeuroImage, 40, 1392-1401. Click here to receive a reprint

Bransford, J., Vye, N., Stevens, R., Kuhl, P. K., Schwartz, D., Bell, P., Meltzoff, A., Barron, B., Pea, R., Reeves, B., Roschelle, J., & Sabelli, N. (2006). Learning theories and education: Toward a decade of synergy. In P. Alexander & P. Winne (Eds.), Handbook of Educational Psychology, 2nd edition (pp. 209-244). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Click here to receive a reprint

Bransford, J. D., Barron, B., Pea, R., Meltzoff, A. N., Kuhl, P. K., Bell, P., Stevens, R., Schwartz, D., Vye, N., Reeves, B., Roschelle, J. & Sabelli, N. (2006). Foundations and opportunities for an interdisciplinary science of learning. In K. Sawyer (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences (pp. 39-77). New York: Cambridge University Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Liu, H-M., Tsao, F-M., and Kuhl, P. K. (2005). The effect of reduced vowel working space on speech intelligibility in Mandarin-speaking young adults with cerebral palsy. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 117, 3879-3889. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2004). Early language acquisition: Cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5, 831-843. Click here to receive a reprint

Iverson, P., Kuhl, P. K., Akahane-Yamada, R., Diesch, E., Tohkura, Y., Kettermann, A., & Siebert, C. (2003). A perceptual interference account of acquisition difficulties for non-native phonemes. Cognition, 87, B47-B57. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Tsao, F. -M., Liu, H. -M., Zhang, Y., & de Boer, B. (2001). Language/Culture/Mind/Brain: Progress at the margins between disciplines. In A. Domasio et al. (Eds.). Unity of knowledge: The convergence of natural and human science (pp. 136-174). New York: The New York Academy of Sciences. Click here to receive a reprint

Gopnik, A., Meltzoff, A. N., & Kuhl, P. K. (2000). The scientist in the crib: What early learning tells us about the mind. New York: HarperCollins. (Read an excerpt.)

Kuhl, P. K. (2000). A new view of language acquisition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 97, 11850-11857. Click here to receive a reprint

Iverson, P., & Kuhl, P. K. (2000). Perceptual magnet and phoneme boundary effects in speech perception: Do they arise from a common mechanism? Perception and Psychophysics, 62, 874-886. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2000). Language, mind, and brain: Experience alters perception. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The new cognitive neurosciences (2nd ed.) (pp. 99-115). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Doupe, A., & Kuhl, P. K. (1999). Birdsong and speech: Common themes and mechanisms. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 22, 567-631. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1998). The development of speech and language. In T. J. Carew, R. Menzel, & C. J. Shatz (Eds.), Mechanistic relationships between development and learning (pp. 53-73). New York: Wiley. Click here to receive a reprint

Iverson, P., & Kuhl, P. K. (1996). Influences of phonetic identification and category goodness on American listeners’ perception of /r/ and /l/. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 99, 1130-1140. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1994). Learning and representation in speech and language. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 4, 812-822. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1993). Innate predispositions and the effects of experience in speech perception: The native language magnet theory. In B. deBoysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P. Jusczyk, P. McNeilage, & J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental neurocognition: Speech and face processing in the first year of life (pp. 259-274). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Click here to receive a reprint

Bilingual Brain

Lin, J.-F. L., Imada, T., & Kuhl, P. K. (2012). Mental addition in bilinguals: An fMRI study of task-related and performance-related activation. Cerebral Cortex, doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr263. Click here to receive a reprint

Garcia-Sierra, A., Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Conboy, B. T., Romo, H., Percaccio, C. R., Klarman, L., Ortiz, S., & Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Socio-cultural environment and bilingual language learning: A longitudinal event related potential study. Journal of Phonetics, 39, 456-557. Click here to receive a reprint

Wang, Y., Kuhl, P. K., Chen, C., & Dong, Q. (2009). Sustained and transient language control in the bilingual brain. NeuroImage, 47, 414-422. Click here to receive a reprint

Wang, Y., Lin, J.-F., Kuhl, P. K., Hirsch, J. (2007). Mathematical and linguistic processing differs between native and second languages: An fMRI study. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 1, 68-82. Click here to receive a reprint

Social Factors in Language Learning

Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Social mechanisms in early language acquisition: Understanding integrated brain systems supporting language. In J. Decety & J. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of social neuroscience (pp. 649-667). Oxford UK: Oxford University Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Conboy, B. T. & Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Impact of second-language experience in infancy: Brain measures of first- and second-language speech perception. Developmental Science, 14, 242-248. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (2007). Is speech learning ‘gated’ by the social brain? Developmental Science, 10, 110-120. Click here to receive a reprint

Conboy, B. & Kuhl, P. K. (2007). Listening to language in culturally specific ways: Learning through social experience. In S. Braten (Ed.), Foundations of Preverbal Intersubjectivity: Being Moved by Action-Perception, Music and Speech. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, England. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Tsao. F.-M., & Liu, H.-M. (2003). Foreign-language experience in infancy: Effects of short-term exposure and social interaction on phonetic learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, 9096-9101. Click here to receive a reprint

Brain Correlates of Language Processing

Can, D. C., Richards, T. L., & Kuhl, P. K. (2013). Early gray-matter and white-matter concentration in infancy predict later language skills: A whole-brain voxel-based morphometry study. Brain & Language, 124, 34-44. Click here to receive a reprint

Lin, J.-F. L., Imada, T., & Kuhl, P. K. (2012). Mental addition in bilinguals: an fMRI study of task-related and performance-related activation. Cerebral Cortex, doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr263. Click here to receive a reprint

Rivera-Gaxiola. M., Garcia-Sierra, A., Lara-Ayala, L., Cadena, C., Jackson-Maldonado, D., & Kuhl, P. K. (2012). Event-related potentials to an English/Spanish syllabic contrast in Mexican 10-13 month-old infants. ISRN Neurology, doi:10.5402/2012/702986. Click here to receive a reprint

Raizada, R. D., Tsao, F. M., Liu, H. M., Holloway, I. D., Ansari, D., & Kuhl, P. K. (2010). Linking brain-wide multivoxel activation patterns to behaviour: Examples from language and math. NeuroImage, 51, 462-471. Click here to receive a reprint

Raizada, R. D. S., Tsao, F. M., Liu, H. M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2010). Quantifying the adequacy of neural representations for a cross-language phonetic discrimination task: Prediction of individual differences. Cerebral Cortex, 20, 1-12. Click here to receive a reprint

Zhang, Y., Kuhl, P. K., Imada, T., Iverson, P., Pruitt, J., Stevens, E. B., Kawakatsu, M., Tohkura, Y., & Nemoto, I. (2009). Neural signatures of phonetic learning in adulthood: A magnetoencephalography study. NeuroImage, 46, 226-240. Click here to receive a reprint

Conboy, B. T., Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Silva-Pereyra, J., & Kuhl, P. K. (2008). Event-related potential studies of early language processing at the phoneme, word, and sentence levels. In A. D. Friederici & G. Thierry (Eds.), Trends in Language Acquisition Research, 5, 23-64. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. & Rivera-Gaxiola, M. (2008). Neural substrates of language acquisition. Anuual Review of Neuroscience. 31, 511-534. Click here to receive a reprint

Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Silva-Pereyra, J., Klarman, L., Garcia-Sierra, A., Lara-Ayala, L., Cadena-Salazar, C. & Kuhl, P. K. (2007). Principal component analyses and scalp distribution of the auditory P150-250 and N250-550 to speech contrasts in Mexican and American infants. Developmental Neuropsychology, 31, 363-378. Click here to receive a reprint

Silva-Pereyra, J., Conboy, B.T., Klarman, L., & Kuhl, P. K. (2007). Grammatical processing without semantics? An event-related brain potential study of preschoolers using jabberwocky sentences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 1050-1065. Click here to receive a reprint

Imada, T., Zhang, Y., Cheour, M., Taulu, S., Ahonen, A. & Kuhl, P. K. (2006). Infant speech perception activates Broca’s area: a developmental magnetoencephalography study. NeuroReport, 17, 957-962. Click here to receive a reprint

Zhang, Y., Kuhl, P. K., Imada, T., Kotani, M., & Tohkura, Y. (2005). Effects of language experience: Neural commitment to language-specific auditory patterns. NeuroImage. 26, 703-720. Click here to receive a reprint

Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Klarman, L., Garcia-Sierra, A. & Kuhl, P. K. (2005). Neural patterns to speech and vocabulary growth in American infants. NeuroReport, 16, 495-498. Click here to receive a reprint

Silva-Pereyra, J., Klarman, L., Lin, J. F. & Kuhl, P. K. (2005). Sentence processing in 30-month old children: An ERP study. NeuroReport, 16, 645-648. Click here to receive a reprint

Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Silva-Pereyra, J. & Kuhl, P. K. (2005). Brain potentials to native and non-native speech contrasts in 7- and 11-month-old American infants. Developmental Science, 8, 162-172. Click here to receive a reprint

Silva-Pereyra, J., Rivera-Gaxiola, M. & Kuhl, P. K. (2005). An event-related brain potential study of sentence comprehension in preschoolers: Semantic and morphosyntactic processing. Cognitive Brain Research, 23, 247-258. Click here to receive a reprint

Maternal Language Input and Infant Vocal Imitation

Moon, C., Lagercrantz, H., & Kuhl, P. K. (2012). Language experienced in utero affects vowel perception after birth: a two-country study, Acta Pediatrica, 102, 156-160. Click here to receive a reprint

Zhao, T. C., Moon, C., Lagercrantz, H., & Kuhl, P. K. (2011). Prenatal motherese? Newborn speech perception may be enhanced by having a young sibling. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 16, 90-94. Click here to receive a reprint

Liu, H. M., Tsao, F. M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2009). Age-related changes in acoustic modifications of Mandarin maternal speech to preverbal infants and five-year-old children: A longitudinal study. Journal of Child Language, 36, 909-922. Click here to receive a reprint

Liu, H. M., Tsao, F. M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2007). Acoustic analysis of lexical tone in Mandarin infant-directed speech. Developmental Psychology, 43, 912-917. Click here to receive a reprint

Liu, H. M., Kuhl, P. K., & Tsao, F. M. (2003). An association between mothers’ speech clarity and infants’ speech discrimination skills. Developmental Science, 6, F1-F10. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Tsao, F. M., Liu, H. M., Zhang, Y., & de Boer, B. (2001). Language/Culture/Mind/Brain: Progress at the margins between disciplines. In A. Domasio et al. (Eds.). Unity of knowledge: The convergence of natural and human science (pp. 136-174). New York: The New York Academy of Sciences. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Andruski, J. E., Chistovich, I. A., Chistovich, L. A., Kozhevnikova, E. V., Ryskina, V. L., Stolyarova, E. I., Sundberg, U., and Lacerda, F. (1997). Cross-language analysis of phonetic units in language addressed to infants. Science, 277, 684-686. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1996). Infant vocalizations in response to speech: Vocal imitation and developmental change. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100, 2425-2438. Click here to receive a reprint

Grieser, D. L., & Kuhl, P. K. (1988). Maternal speech to infants in a tonal language: Support for universal prosodic features in motherese. Developmental Psychology, 24, 14-20. Click here to receive a reprint

Fernald, A., & Kuhl, P. K. (1987). Acoustic determinants of infant preference for motherese speech. Infant Behavior and Development, 10, 279-293. Click here to receive a reprint

Developmental Speech Perception

Lebedeva, G. C., & Kuhl, P. K. (2010). Sing that tune: Infants’ perception of melody and lyrics and the facilitation of phonetic recognition in songs. Infant Behavior and Development, 33, 419-430. Click here to receive a reprint

Tsao, F.-M., Liu, H.-M., Kuhl, P. K. (2006). Perception of native and non-native affricate-fricative contrasts: Cross-language tests on adults and infants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, 2285-2294. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Stevens, E., Hayashi, A., Deguchi, T., Kiritani, S. & Iverson, P. (2006). Infants show a facilitation effect for native language phonetic perception between 6 and 12 months. Developmental Science, 9, F13-F21. Click here to receive a reprint

Conboy, B., Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Klarman, L., Aksoylu, E. & Kuhl, P.K. (2005). Associations between native and nonnative speech sound discrimination and language development at the end of the first year. Proceedings Supplement of the 29th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp. 1-11). Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Conboy, B. T., Padden, D., Nelson, T. & Pruitt, J. (2005). Early speech perception and later language development: Implications for the “critical period.” Language Learning and Development, 1, 237-264. Click here to receive a reprint

Tsao, F.-M., Liu, H.-M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2004). Speech perception in infancy predicts language development in the second year of life: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 75, 1067-1084. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Williams, K. A., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K. N., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic experience alters phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age. Science, 255, 606-608. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1991). Human adults and human infants show a “perceptual magnet effect” for the prototypes of speech categories, monkeys do not. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 93-107. Click here to receive a reprint

Grieser, D., & Kuhl, P. K. (1989). Categorization of speech by infants: Support for speech-sound prototypes. Developmental Psychology, 25, 577-588. Click here to receive a reprint

Autism

Kuhl, P. K., Coffey-Corina, S., Padden, D., Munson, J., Estes, A., & Dawson, G. (2013). Brain responses to words in 2-year-olds with autism predict developmental outcomes at age 6. PLOS ONE, 8, e64967. Click here to receive a reprint

Coffey-Corina, S., Padden, D., Kuhl, P. K. & Dawson, G. (2008). ERPs to words correlate with behavioral measures in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, 3742. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Coffey-Corina, S., Padden, D., & Dawson, G. (2005). Links between social and linguistic processing of speech in preschool children with autism: Behavioral and electrophysiological measures. Developmental Science, 8, F1-F12. Click here to receive a reprint

Auditory-Visual Speech Perception

Kuhl, P. K., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1997). Evolution, nativism, and learning in the development of language and speech. In M. Gopnik (Ed.), The inheritance and innateness of grammars (pp. 7-44). New York: Oxford University Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Tsuzaki, M., Tohkura, Y., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1994). Human processing of auditory-visual information in speech perception: Potential for multimodal human-machine interfaces. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (pp. 539-542). Tokyo: Acoustical Society of Japan. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., Williams, K. A., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1991). Cross-modal speech perception in adults and infants using nonspeech auditory stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 17, 829-840. Click here to receive a reprint

Green, K. P., Kuhl, P. K., Meltzoff, A. N., & Stevens, E. B. (1991). Integrating speech information across talkers, gender, and sensory modality: Female faces and male voices in the McGurk effect. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 524-536. Click here to receive a reprint

Green, K. P., & Kuhl, P. K. (1991). Integral processing of visual place and auditory voicing information during phonetic perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 17, 278-288. Click here to receive a reprint

Green, K. P., & Kuhl, P. K. (1989). The role of visual information in the processing of place and manner features in speech perception. Perception & Psychophysics, 45, 34-42. Click here to receive a reprint

Meltzoff, A. N., & Kuhl, P. K. (1989). Infants’ perception of faces and speech sounds: Challenges to developmental theory. In P. R. Zelazo & R. G. Barr (Eds.), Challenges to developmental paradigms: Implications for theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 67-91). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1982). The bimodal perception of speech in infancy. Science, 218, 1138-1141. Click here to receive a reprint

Speech Perception: Animal Studies

Kuhl, P. K. (1999). Speech, language, and the brain: Innate preparation for learning. In M. Konishi & M. Hauser (Eds.), Neural mechanisms of communication (pp. 419-450). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1991). Perception, cognition, and the ontogenetic and phylogenetic emergence of human speech. In S. E. Brauth, W. S. Hall, & R. J. Dooling (Eds.), Plasticity of development (pp. 73-106). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1989). On babies, birds, modules, and mechanisms: A comparative approach to the acquisition of vocal communication. In R. J. Dooling & S. H. Hulse (Eds.), The comparative psychology of audition: Perceiving complex sounds (pp. 379-419). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K. (1988). Auditory perception and the evolution of speech. Human Evolution, 3, 19-43. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., & Padden, D. M. (1983). Enhanced discriminability at the phonetic boundaries for the place feature in macaques. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 73, 1003-1010. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., & Padden, D. M. (1982). Enhanced discriminability at the phonetic boundaries for the voicing feature in macaques. Perception & Psychophysics, 32, 542-550. Click here to receive a reprint

Kuhl, P. K., & Miller, J. D. (1975). Speech perception by the chinchilla: Voiced-voiceless distinction in alveolar plosive consonants. Science, 190, 69-72. Click here to receive a reprint